The interactive Google map includes brief detail on each of the locations noted along Dere Street but these can be difficult to access on some devices. The content is replicated here.
The Romans built their impressive fortress between the Foss and the Ouse where the minster now stands. It was a major military base with strategically important transport links.
Isurium became a thriving and prosperous Roman town deep within the territory of the Iron Age Brigantes. There was an early fort just to the north-west at Roecliffe where Dere Street crosses the Ure.
The late first century Roman fort and two later re-buildings were sited on the high ground on the south bank of the River Swale, on the western side of Dere Street. All three were approximately 2ha in area, with the earliest slightly larger. The north eastern quadrants of the forts lie under Thornbrough farm buildings.
Recent excavations confirm a roadside settlement though there is still uncertainty as to whether there was in fact a fort as previously assumed.
The visible remains just north of the river were built in 260AD to control the Tyne crossing. An earlier fort is assumed but has not yet been discovered.
Vinovium was founded around 80 AD and was for a time one of the largest Roman military installations in northern Britain. Originally 7 hectares in size it was large enough to have accommodated several cohorts of legionary infantry and one or more units of auxiliary cavalry. It was reduced to 4 hectares around 160 AD.
A fort dating from the Hadrianic period, which developed into a small town and industrial complex south west of the modern town.
The fort is located south of the River Derwent, guarding the crossing point. Almost no remains are visible as the site lies under the modern village.
Corbridge is strategically placed beside the lowest fordable point of the Tyne. It marks the meeting point of Dere Street and the east-west route, Stanegate, to the south of Hadrian’s Wall. A series of Roman forts were located here reflecting the strategic priorities of the time. The site is more notable as a site of temples, granaries and workshops.
Situated on a low knoll, surrounded by low ground, above the River Rede. The visible remains are of a fort constructed in the early years of the third century AD by the Emperor Severus; an inscribed slab records the construction of the fort by a 1000 strong mounted cohort.
An important outpost north of Hadrian’s Wall, guarding Dere Street and able to provide warning of attacks from the north. An earlier fort comprising turf ramparts and wooden defences was later re-built in stone. From the west gate can be seen the larger outline of a large temporary camp. Bremenium’s name means “the place on the roaring stream”.
The site includes the remains of two temporary camps, two Roman fortlets, and a Roman fort. The fort is located within the earlier temporary camp. The fort encloses an area of 2.7ha within a rampart 3.6m wide and stands to a maximum height of 3m.
A small fort on the east bank of the Oxnam Water, overlooking the point where Dere Street crossed. There are no visible remains but excavation has revealed a succession of 4 Roman forts.
The fort at the ‘place of the three hills’ became a base for the conquest of the surrounding area. Trimontium is the biggest Roman complex in Scotland. The northernmost amphitheatre discovered in the Roman Empire is visible as a grassy hollow.
The fortlet is built alongside Dere Street. There is a long rectangular enclosure with a ditch 3m wide and 225m long, running parallel to the modern A68 road.
An early timber-built auxiliary fort on the left bank of the River North Esk to the north-west of Dalkeith. It was thoroughly excavated ahead of construction of the Royal Bank of Scotland Data Centre.
Two Roman marching camps to the west of Edinburgh.
This is where the road from the south reached the Antonine Wall, the first comprehensive border fortification. It is also close to a Roman port on the Firth of Forth. A stone inscription hints that it may have been built by the Twentieth Legion, which was also responsible for the fortresses at Colchester and Chester. There are two adjacent forts and the site included an extensive fortified annexe.